The history of fireworks is complex and originated approximately 2000 years ago. Fireworks are widely associated with key events and celebrations and over the years the use of fireworks has become widespread at parties, weddings, birthdays, parades and public holidays all over the World. Production of fireworks is predominately in China, Germany and Italy as well as other countries in Europe including the UK.
The recognised creation and history of fireworks started with black powder; the largest ingredient of fireworks. The explosive chemical was discovered by the Chinese in the first century BCE â€“ approximately 2000 years ago. Later in China, in the 10th Century, black powder was used to make the first firework, named a firecracker.
The Chinese were producing fireworks as part of a ritual in celebrations such as Chinese New Year to scare away evil spirits and boast good luck and prosperity â€“ a sacrament still carried out today. Fireworks were originally made using bamboo shoots filled with black powder intended to emit a loud bang with a puff of smoke.
Fireworks in Europe
Years on in the 15th Century fireworks were introduced to Europe, allegedly by traveller and trader Marco Polo. Instantly popular, firework manufacturers began to emerge in countries such as Italy and Germany where the gunpowder formula used in China was replicated. At this time fireworks were mainly used for military purposes but were also gaining popularity marking special events. In France in 1560 the first firework display marked Francis II ascension to the throne. Fireworks were also getting popular in England mentioned in some of poet and playwright Shakespeareâ€™s plays of the time.
In the 18th Century firework production became more of an educated chemistry and skill generated from two European schools of pyrotechnics; one in Italy, one in Germany. The German school predominately focused on scientific advancements and the Italian school worked on firework effects and the introduction of colour. It was in Italy that the next notable contribution to fireworks was made, developing self-propelled aerial shells which soared high before a delay explosion, making a vivid firework display.
Following the advancement of aerial shells firework manufacturing became an art with more elaborate and sophisticated fireworks generating colourful and vibrant firework displays. Fireworks quickly became captivating entertainment for viewers; firework displays were getting longer and firework designs and shapes were alluring and exotic.
Fireworks have come a long way since they were founded; pyrotechnic displays continue to amaze people all over the World and the popularity of fireworks continues to grow. Fireworks are now available to the general public all year round from licensed and reputable companies, meaning you can buy fireworks online for any occasion. Many now choose to enjoy fireworks in the comfort of their own home and attend organised firework displays annually for New Year or a public holiday.